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Monthly Archives: April 2013

Fuzzy Logic Technology

Today many household appliances have fuzzy logic built into them to make their use easier. You can find fuzzy logic in shower heads, rice cookers, vacuum cleaners, and just about everywhere. So you can get an idea how these machines work, we’ll look at this simplified model of a fuzzy washing machine in  the following link. Like a real fuzzy washing machine would, it tests how dirty the laundry is. Once it knows how dirty the laundry is, it can easily calculate how long it should wash it. Fuzzy-logic rice cookers have computer chips that direct their ability to make proper adjustments to cooking time and temperature. Unlike basic rice cookers, which complete tasks in a single-minded, mechanical manner, the process behind the fuzzy-logic rice cookers needs a bit more explanation.

The fuzzy sets theory, first proposed by UC Berkeley professor Lotfi Zadeh in 1965, laid the groundwork for fuzzy logic, which he also put forward in 1973. Fuzzy sets theory has to do with mathematical sets, or groups of items known as elements.  In most mathematical sets, an element either belongs to the set or it doesn’t. Fuzzy logic is basically a way to program machines so they look at the world in a more human way, with degrees of truth. Instead of cold, hard parameters and strict data sets, fuzzy logic assumes a more practical approach. Using numbers, it incorporates non-definitive words like “slightly” or “almost” into its decision-making processes. As a result, the use of fuzzy logic in rice cookers helps to ensure properly cooked rice because it gives the appliances the ability to make judgment calls similar to those a person might make, albeit typically better than those a hungry, impatient person might make. (If you wanna more information about Fuzzy Rice Cooker, please click link here.)

Good governance, both In and Out

Saya setuju dengan salah satu pendapat pada acara ILC di TV-ONE tempo hari, “awasi keuangan negara baik dari sisi pengeluaran maupun dari sisi revenu-nya”. Selang satu hari, ada berita bahwa telah tertangkap tangan pegawai pajak yang “selingkuh” dengan WP yang diawasinya. Komentarnya macam-macam atas berita itu. Ada yang bilang, wah itu mah udah biasa. Yang lain bilang, ternyata hukuman belum menimbulkan efek jera. Yang lain bilang, waduh temenku ketahuan.

Di tengah upaya reformasi keuangan di Kemenkeu, ternyata masih banyak pegawai “nakal” yang masih main api. Oleh karenanya, reformasi keuangan jangan hanya menekankan pada sisi pengeluarannya. Saya pribadi mengakui upaya perbaikan di Kemenkeu di sisi pengeluaran begitu gencar. Kita lihat salah satu contohnya yaitu jabatan ‘Panitia Lelang’ yang dulu jadi primadona, sekarang banyak ditakuti pegawai, karena, salah-salah sedikit dalam prosedurnya, ia bisa-bisa disangka korupsi. Padahal mungkin yang bersangkutan tidak menyadarinya, serta tidak ikut menikmati “kerugian negara” yang disangkakan. Di sisi pengeluaran, rupanya para pihak yang berkaitan dengan penggunaan anggaran harus ekstra hati-hati, harus cermat, dan harus dengan high precision.

Semangat Anti Korupsi

Begitu kami masuk ke Kantor Imigrasi Cilacap, terpampanglah beberapa banner dengan tulisan semangat anti korupsi. Syukurlah. Semoga begitu. Dan juga semoga tak ada lagi yang memanfaatkan “orang dalam” agar mendapat pelayanan istimewa, namun dapat mengorbankan pemohon lain. Meski dalam UU Tipikor mungkin tidak bisa dianggap korupsi, namun pelayanan istimewa karena punya oramg dalam sangatlah menyakitkan bagi orang lain yang tak berkesempatan.

International Operation Management

The world is changing to one in which goods, people and information all move across the world with greater speed and frequency than ever before. Organizations of all kinds now rarely conduct all aspects of their business within the confines of their own national borders. The forces of globalization are making business operations increasingly international rather than national in scope. Operations managers have to learn how to adapt to the requirements of managing across many different border, time-zones, cultures and language. (David Barnes)